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Macular Degeneration

Eye Care Unlimited

Optometrists located in Bronx, NY

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in the United States. The experienced team at Eye Care Unlimited in the Bronx, New York, can determine if you have this eye condition and offer guidance and support through the progression of the disease. If you or someone you care for has had recent vision changes, call today for an appointment to have a comprehensive vision evaluation.

Macular Degeneration Q & A

What is macular degeneration?

Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss in the United States.

This disease affects millions of people and occurs when the central portion of the retina, called the macula, deteriorates. The macula is the part of the eye responsible for central vision.

There are two types of macular degeneration, known as “wet” and “dry.”

There is no known treatment or cure for dry macular degeneration, which occurs when the macula’s tissue thins and stops working.

Wet macular degeneration occurs when fluids begin leaking from new blood vessels under the macula, which can blur a person’s central vision.

If wet macular degeneration is diagnosed early, the blood vessels can be sealed with a laser. Medication can also be injected into the bloodstream or the back of the eye to slow down the formation of leaking blood vessels.

These treatments will not permanently cure wet macular degeneration, but they may be able to slow down the potential progressive vision loss. Eye Care Unlimited offers several nutraceuticals, including AREDS2 vitamins for the prevention of progressive macular degeneration.

What are common symptoms of macular degeneration?

Both types of macular degeneration have some characteristic symptoms, including:

  • Gradually losing the ability to see things clearly
  • The shape of objects seems distorted
  • Straight lines appear crooked or wavy
  • Difficulty seeing color changes
  • You see dark space in the center of your vision

How is macular degeneration diagnosed?

To test you for macular degeneration, the optometrists at Eye Care Unlimited examine your retina, looking for small yellow deposits, called drusen, which are an early sign of the disease.

Your doctor may also test your vision using a device called an Amsler grid. If the lines seem missing or nonstatic to you, the doctor will perform further tests, including:

Optical coherence tomography (OCT)

This test uses 3D laser photography to visualize the layers of your retina for a thorough visual examination by your optometrist.

Fundus Photography

Specialized fundus cameras capture a photograph of the back of the eye and allow the doctors to monitor the progression of the disease. The main structures that can be visualized on a fundus photo are the central and peripheral retina, optic disc and macula.